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  • Writer's pictureMar de Afetos


Dramatherapy uses theatrical techniques to achieve therapeutic objectives, bringing the person closer to their human problems and conflicts as a way of achieving self-knowledge. The fictitious structure provided by dramatherapy allows a welcoming and safe environment to explore different behaviours. The main objective is self-knowledge, the relationship with the world, and the experimentation of social skills that enable the understanding of one's motivations and the analysis and interpretation of the characters that have emerged.

According to Fernández & Montero (2012), dramatherapy was developed in the thirties and established in the sixties. The therapeutic process takes place through the development of intuition and spontaneity, generating the assimilation of veiled or invisible aspects that would be equivalent to the integration of shadows in analytical psychology.

Through experimentation using dramatisation, a process initiated in which the transformation goes beyond the image plane to be experienced and felt, giving rise to a profound understanding of its problems.

According to Fernández & Montero (2012), dramatherapy has four central concepts:

- Drama: it is a social art that acts on the capacity for empathy and identification.

- Dramatic distance: operating from imaginary roles propitiates "an emotional distance in the expression and liberation of personal aspects" (p.92).

- Two realities: space where everyday reality and the reality of the theatrical experience take place.

- Creative process: occurring through preparation, incubation, illumination and return to reality.

Although heavily influenced by psychodrama and theatre, dramatherapy has followed a different path and has established itself as a therapeutic tool.

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